План-конспект уроку на тему: "Scotland - the land of mountains"
Для шкіл із поглибленим вивченням іноземних мов
By Olha Shaliapina,
a teacher of English, gymnasia # 1, Kozelets, Chernihiv region
Objectives: by the end of the lesson students will be able to
- get new information about Scotland, its geographical positin and climate;
- enrich their vocabulary on the topic;
- develop their reading and speaking skills;
- use new vocabulary in speaking.
T: Good morning, students! Glad to see you! How are you today? Yeaterday I saw a very interesting programme on Discovery channel. They showed some exciting places of one of the UK parts – Scotland.
What do you know about this country?
(Students’ responses. Teacher can help demonstrating some pictures prepared beforehand).
T: As you can guess the topicof our today’s lesson is “Scotland – the land of mountains”. We are going to learn new words, read the text and discuss some information about this country.
T: I’d like to start our lesson with the Scottish saying “He, who has not seen Scotland, does not really know Great Britain”. How can you comment on it?
III. MAIN PART
T: Now we are going to read the text about Scotland but before reading find these words in the text and read out the sentence. Are all the words clear to you? Do they look like English?
to constitute – складати;
range – пасмо (гір);
rough – нерівний;
glen – вузька долина;
moor – заболочена місцевість;
drizzle – мряка;
precipitation – опади.
1. General information
Population: 5, 254, 800.
Area: 78, 387 square kilometers.
Capital: Edinburgh (population – 495, 360)
Scotland is a country that is apart of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and the Irish Sea to the southwest. Scotland constitutes over 790 islands including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
Only 9% of the total population of the UK lives there. Most of the population is concentrated in an industrial area located in the central part of the country.
Scotland is divided into three natural regions: the Southern Uplands, the Central Lowlands, the Highlands and islands. The Highlands consist largely of two mountain ranges. Throughout the Highlands there are a lot of valleys, called glens. The Great Glen, known also as Glen More, is a narrow, lake-studded valley stretching from coast to coast.
The Southern Uplands are situated between the low-lands and the English border. They consist mainly of the hills.
The Clyde is Scotland’s chief river, provides a major waterway through the industrial heart of the country. There are other rivers such as the Spey, the Tay, the Forth, and the Tweed rivers. Lakes, known as lochs, abound in the Highlands. Some of them, especially Loch Lomond, have been made famous by Scottish literature and legends. Loch Ness, a deep, narrow lake in the Great Glen, is a home of a sea monster.
The climate of Scotland is moderate because of the tempering influence of the ocean. Rarely is the weather either very hot or cold. Rains, drizzles, mists, and long cloudy periods make Scotland one of the most humid parts of Britain.
T: Match the parts of the sentences.
1. Scotland occupies the northern…
2. Most of the population is concentrated…
3. The Highlands consist largely…
4. Throughout the Highlands…
5. The Great Glen, known also as Glen More…
6. The Southern Uplands are situated…
a) of two mountain ranges.
b) there are a lot of valleys, called glens.
c) between the low-lands and the English border.
d) third of the island of Great Britain.
e) in an industrial area located in the central part of the country.
f) is a narrow, lake studded valley stretching from coast to coast.
Key: 1-d; 2-e; 3-a; 4-b; 5-f; 6-c.
T: Answer the questions.
1. What is the population of Scotland?
2. What is the capitalof Scotland?
3. What part does Scotland occupy?
4. What does it share the border with?
5. What is it washed by?
6. How many natural regions is Scotland divided into?
7. What part do the Highlands occupy?
8. Where are the Southern Uplands situated?
9. What is the chief river of Scotland?
10. Are there many lakes in Scotland?
11. What is the climate of Scotland?
IV. SUMMING-UP. HOME ASSIGMENT
T: Our lesson is coming to an end. Your home assignment is to prepare presentations about Scotland.
Scotland – the Land of Mountains//English: language and culture (Англійська мова та культура. Для вчителів та всіх, хто вивчає мову). – 2013 - №2 – с. 8.
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