Конспект уроку на тему: "American cinema"
Aims: to get students acquainted with the biography of Walt Disney and his contribution into the development of cartoon animation; to teach the skills of reading, listening, speaking; to enlarge students’ vocabulary by means of reading and listening; to teach students to perceive beauty of cartoon animation and its influence on people.
Materials: the text for reading, posters of Disney cartoons.
At today’s lesson we are going to speak about a very interesting kind of artcartoon animation. We’ll learn some new facts of the biography of the most famous cartoon animation director and follow the development of animation.
Who are your favourite cartoon characters? Why? What is common between such cartoon characters as Donald Duck, Snow White, Mickey Mouse, Dumbo? Can you describe the appearance of each character? Why are they still popular? (Students give their answers.) O.K. All these characters were created by Walt Disney.
To understand Walt Disney’s creativity better you’ll listen to his biography. While listening complete the following table:
TEXT FOR LISTENING
Walt Disney was born in Chicago, Illinois, in 1901. At the age of 5, his family bought a farm in Missouri, and as a small boy Walt drew sketches of the barnyard creatures and the scenes he saw around the farm. Then the family moved to Kansas City, where his father bought a newspaper delivery business. Walt’s father was rather cruel, he severely beat his sons. Walt and his older brother Roy had to help their father, and at the early age of 10 Walt got up at 3.30 a.m.
His interest in drawing continued and he was allowed to take Saturday classes at the Kansas City institute. He eventually found work with the Kansas City FilmAd Company, which drew commercials for use in local movie theatres.
Soon he left the Company and formed his own production company. Under the company name “Loughograms” Disney and a talented draftsman from Holland, Ubbie Iwerks, produced a number of animated cartoons.
Running out of money in 1923, Walt closed his business in Kansas City and moved to California. There, in partnership with his brother Roy, and a capital base of 280 dollars, the Disney Studio was begun. In 1930s, 1940s, 1950s the Disney Studio continued to develop new techniques and equipment to expand their creative potential:
In the 1950s, Disney began to branch out into other areas of entertainment. He started to give more serious attention to live action films and nature films and began long-running TV series.
He also opened the first of his famous parks, Disneyland. Disney wanted to build an amusement parl, where adults could enjoy themselves as much as children. The park was opened in July 1955 in South California.
In 1964, Disney bought land in central Florida for Walt Disney World. But Disney himself wouldn’t live to see his second park open. In October 1966, Disney knew he was suffering from lung cancer.
He died on December 15, 1966, in a hospital directly across the street from his studio. Walt Disney World was opened in 1971 by Roy Disney. (Students read aloud their notes on the text.)
What new facts about Disney did you know? What impressed you most of all? Why? (Students give their answers.)
5. Sentence completion
Look through your notes again and be ready to complete the sentences about Disney’s biography.
1. Walt Disney was born...
2. His childhood was...
3. His job in his father’s business was...
4. Disney founded his own company...
5. He gave serious attention to...
6. He opened Disneyland in...
7. He died in... of...
(In turn students read aloud the completed sentences.)
And now in pairs, make short dialogues about Disney using the completed sentences. You can add the questions of your own.
How do you think are private life and creativity interrelated? In what way? What influences greatly a person’s creativity? How can you prove your opinion? You will read the text about Disney’s work. I’ll ask you to find the information about famous Disney’s cartoons and innovations that were made by Disney in cartoon animation.
TEXT FOR READING
The first series which Disney’s studio produced was “Alice in Cartoonland”, which combined a live “Alice” with cartoon drawings. Mickey Mouse was the product of collaboration of Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. Finding that circular forms were simpler to animate than elongated shapes, Iwerks constructed Mickey from two large circles, one for his body and one for his head, to which were attached two smaller circles for ears, hose-like arms and legs, large hands and large feet. The Mickey Mouse who appeared for the first time in 1928 in the cartoon “Steamboat Willie” was not the well behaved character which the world knows today. But then the Studio received letters from countless people and organizations who expected Mickey to act properly and he became more and more the little gentlemouse.
Laughter was sparked by new cartoon characters which Disney’s artists created: Pluto, Mickey’s faithful bloodhound appeared in 1930; the incompetent Goofy in 1932 and then the notorious Donald Duck.
In addition to the Mickey Mouse cartoons, the Disney Studio in the late 1920s and early 1930s worked on a new kind of animated film, which they called the “Silly Symphonies”, in which music and cartoon animation joined together in telling stories.
W. Disney began to think about an animated cartoon story which would run for more than an hour. Movie executives in Hollywood thought he was doing a disastrous mistake because the public would not want to sit and watch a long cartoon feature. But Disney in 1934 chose the story of “Snow White” for his first feature film. All characters were standard, but Disney’s characterization of dwarfs was unique. From more than 40 names and personality sketches Disney left the 7 dwarfs who are now a part of a child’s culture Sleepy, Bashful, Grumpy, Happy, Sneezy, Doc and Dopey. When “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” opened Christmas week in 1937 it was an immediate success, and Disney was awarded an Academy Award for his significant screen innovation.
Disney’s other feature cartoons of the 1940s and 1950s have become part of a child’s heritage — Pinocchio, Dumbo, Cinderella, Peter Pan.
• What cartoon characters were mentioned in the text? (Mickey Mouse, Pluto, Goofy, Snow White, Cinderella, Dumbo, Donald Duck, the seven dwarfs, Pinocchio, Peter Pan)
• What was the first Disney’s cartoon? What was peculiar about it?
• What was new in the cartoon characters’ construction?
• How and why did the Studio change the character of Mickey Mouse?
• Why was “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” considered innovation?
• Why are Disney’s animated films called a child’s heritage?
• Can you give the translation of the names of the seven dwarfs using your dictionaries?
7. Vocabulary work
Work in pairs. Choose to every Disney’s cartoon character 3 adjectives and say some sentences about them to describe them better.
(Students give their answers.)
8. Group work
Discuss in your groups and prove that Disney’s animation is not just an entertainment but a real art. (Each group of 4 students gives their ideas.)
Make questions for the crossword “Disney’s cartoon characters”.
What was the most interesting information you learnt about cartoon animation? Can you give any reason why children should watch Disney’s animated films?
Англійська мова та література. - №1 (191). – Січень, 2008 р.
Тимошенко В. М.,
ліцей № 1, м. Зміїв, Харківська обл.
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