Конспект уроку на тему: "Social problems"

Тип матеріалу: 
Предмет: 
Навчальний рівень: 

Objectives:

- to teach students to use new lexical material on the

topic in communication;

- to develop listening and speaking skills;

- to develop students' informational and communicative competencies;

- to teach students to be respectful of other people, their likes and outlook.

Equipment: flashcards, a tape-recorder.

PROCEDURE

I. INTRODUCTION

T: Hello, guys. Good to see you. Today we will start to learn a very interesting and vital topic — "The Life of the Society". As usual, at the beginning of every topic we have to make a plan what to do and learn in the lessons. Today is no exception.

II. WARMING-UP

T: I'd like to ask you several questions.

1. What is society?

2. What walks of life can you name?

3. Are there any rules how to live in the society?

III. MAIN PART

1. LISTENING

To give you some pieces of advice on how to live and behave in a modern society I will present you a very nice song "Father and Son" by Cat Stevens. Listen how father teaches his son.

FATHER AND SON

by Cat Stevens

Father:

It's not time to make a change,

Just relax, take it easy.

You're still young, that's your fault,

There's so much you have to know.

Find a girl, settle down,

If you want, you can marry.

Look at me, I am old, but I 'm happy.

I was once like you are now,

and I know that it's not easy

To be calm when you've found something going on.

But take your time, think a lot,

Why, think of everything you've got.

For you will still be here tomorrow, but your dreams may not.

Son:

How can I try to explain, when I do,

he turns away again.

I t ' s always been the same, same old story.

From the moment I could talk I was ordered to listen.

Now there's a way and I know

that I have to go away.

I know I have to go.

Father:

It's not time to make a change,

Just sit down, take it slowly.

You're still young, that's your fault,

There's so much you have to go through.

Find a girl, settle down,

If you want, you can marry.

Look at me, I am old, but I 'm happy.

(Son: Away, away, away,I know I have to make this decision alone — no!)

Son:

All the times that I cried, keeping all the things

I knew inside,

It's hard, but it's harder to ignore it.

If they were right, I'd agree,

but it's t h em you know, not me.

Now there's a way and I know that I have to go away.

I know I have to go.

(Father: Stay, stay, stay,Why must you go and make this decision alone?)

After listening

(Students are given the cards with lyrics.)

Listen to the song again, sing it and then do the following task.

Who do you think said these things, the father or the son?

1. I t ' s not time to make a change. (F)

2. You're still young, that's your fault. (F)

3. Find a girl, settle down. (F)

4. But take your time, think a lot. (F)

5. For you will still be here tomorrow, but your dreams may not. (F)

6. How can I try to explain, when I do, he turns away again. (S)

7. From t h e moment I could talk I was ordered to listen. (S)

8. Now t h e r e ' s a way and I know that I have to go away. (S)

9. Just relax, take it easy. (F)

10. There's so much you have to know. (F)

11. If you want, you can marry. (F)

12« Look at me, I am old, but I 'm happy. (F)

13. If they were right, I'd agree, but it's t h em you know, not me. (S)

14.1 know I have to go. (S)

2. PRESENTATION

T: You know, to do all the tasks of the topic successfully, we have to know the topical vocabulary. Let us read the words, examples of t h em in different sentences and then find out their meanings.

Keywords: begging, discrimination, domestic violence, drug addicion, homelessness, inequality, poverty, racism, unemployment, vandalism, violent crime.

(Students also give their own examples with these words.)

3. PRACTICE

T: Listen to a radio news report about changes in British society. Pay attention to the new words and how often they are used in speech.

TEXT

This morning we are going to look at the issue of poverty. The first important thing to point out is that the number of poor people in the world is actually increasing. Poor people make up one-third, yes, one-third of the world's population. And that's despite a steady increase in global income since 1960. Basically, the world has got richer, but the number of poor people is going up. And what's worrying, too, is that the gap between rich and poor is growing as never before.

So where do most of t he world's poor live? The answer's quite easy — in developing countries, often called the Third World, especially in Asia and Africa. Some countries, like Rwanda and Mozambique, are desperately poor. However, even the richest countries have their share of poor people. For example, over thirty-five million people in the USA, the world's richest country, lived in poverty in the late 1990s — that's a number greater than the whole population of some countries.

Another important question is: who exactly are these poor people? Some social groups are much more likely to be poor than others. If you are a woman, if you come from a group of t h e original inhabitants of a country, like the Native Americans in America or the Aborigines in Australia, if you are old, or if you are a refugee, well, you are much more likely to be poor than other people.

The big question we need to answer is: why does poverty exist? Why are some countries so much poorer than others? There are many possible causes of poverty. A country can be poor simply owing to its location. Areas with poor soil and bad climates are more likely to be poor than others. Related to this is the environment. Poor countries are usually the ones that suffer from natural disasters, such as hurricanes and floods. There are also historical reasons for poverty. Some countries, particularly in Europe and North America, experienced industrial development in the past, and industrial growth made them richer. Many other countries did not develop industrially. In fact, they were often exploited by the industrial nations and remained poor. These countries had to borrow from the developed countries and still owe huge amounts of money in foreign debt. One final cause of poverty is politics. Countries which are unstable politically, especially those which have suffered war or civil war, tend to be poorer. Here it is worth mentioning the poverty trap, what we might call the 'vicious circle' of poverty. This is very important at a personal level. Many poor children in the world have to work to help their families. This means they don't get a good education. Because they do not have educational qualifications, they can only get the worst jobs. These jobs pay low wages, and so they have little money to bring up their children. Now their children have to go to work and so their education suffers — and so the vicious circle continues.

So what can be done about poverty? In 1996, the United Nations asked the world's richest countries to put aside 0.7 percent of their GNP, that's their gross national product, for aid to developing countries. Only a few countries met that target and some even cut down on aid programmes! However, governments must take up the challenge and come up with solutions. They should set up new, realistic aid programmes to get rid of poverty once and for all, not just in the Third World, but everywhere.

4. RELAXATION MINUTE

A record of soothing music. Students may do some easy physical exercises with their hands and heads or just relax, their eyes being closed.

5. PRODUCTION

T: Let's do some more exercises that will show us how many problems we face in our society and what ways there are to escape them.

Write the name of a socialproblem next to each statement.

The first letters are given.

1. Some people move to big cities but have nowhere to live; they sleep in the streets.

h._______

2. Many women get a lower salary than men for doing the same work.

d. _______

Джерело: English. – 2010. - № 17- с. 11-12.

Suggested level - Bl intermediate

Serhyi Ivanov,

a teacher of English,

gymnasia named after V. T. Senator,

Smila, Cherkasy region

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