Конспект уроку на тему: "Stop aids"

Тип матеріалу: 
Предмет: 
Навчальний рівень: 

Objectives:

- to widen students' knowledge about AIDS;

- to build up tolerance for HIV positive people;

- to improve students' reading and speaking skills.

Equipment: the poster " H I V Glossary", visual aids, the text "Life with HIV".

PROCEDURE

I. WARMING-UP

T: Good afternoon! I'm glad to see you. Our lesson is going to be very serious; however, we'll start our work with a game. (The game is intended to illustrate the speed of transmitting AIDS.)

GAME

Each student gets a box with beans (candies) of one colour. There should be at least 6-7 colours of beans in general. One colour is chosen to be the main one, for example, red, as it is associated with AIDS.

T: Your first task is to exchange the beans with each other and to get the beans of all colours. You have one minute only.

T:  Now tell me, please, who had a box with red beans at the beginning of the game? Well, I'm sorry to inform you that you are infected with a serious illness of...

(Teacher should name only funny illnesses — hiccup, nonstop laughter, baldness or some other of that kind; nothing about AIDS.)

T: Who has exchanged red beans for yourself? You're also infected. A funny exchange can become a serious matter if it concerns infection. For example, AIDS is transmitting very quickly. Listen only to these terrifying facts — 5 people die of AIDS every minute, that's 8,000 lives a day worldwide!

Almost 40 million people around the world are living with HIV — slightly more than the population of Poland.

Nearly two-thirds of them live in Sub-Saharan Africa.

II. MAIN PART

1. CONFERENCE

T: Your home assignment was to find out some information about AIDS. Let's start our small conference. First of all, it's necessary to define the term "HIV".

SI: HIV is the virus which causes the fatal disease of the immune system, AIDS. At least 28 million people worldwide have died from AIDS — their bodies' defence systems ravaged by the HIV virus to the point where everyday infections become life-threatening. More than 20 years since HIV was first recognised, no vaccine against HIV and no cure for AIDS have remained, although a new generation of drugs has dramatically extended the life expectancy of those who contract HIV. HIV is present in the blood, sexual fluids and breast milk of people who are infected with the virus. It is passed on when these infected fluids get into another person's system.

S2: What are the main ways of transmitting the virus?

S3: You can contract HIV by:

a) having unprotected sexual intercourse with someone who is infected;

b) sharing needles or body piercing equipment with someone who is infected;

c) being given a transfusion of infected blood;

d) allowing infected fluids to get into a cut or sore anywhere on your body;

e) babies born to HIV positive women can be infected during pregnancy and birth, or through breast feeding.

HIV is present in the saliva of an infected person, but not in quantities sufficient to transmit infection. Once infected fluids have dried, the risk of them transmitting the virus is considered to be close to zero. The key method of preventing the transmission of HIV is using latex condoms. Injecting drug users can reduce the risk of contracting HIV by not sharing needles.

S4: Can I contract the virus from a swimming pool?

S5: No, you can't. I propose to look at the poster of HIV myths.

HIV cannot be caught:

a) through the air, or by coughing and sneezing;

b) by kissing, touching or shaking hands;

c) by sharing crockery or cutlery;

d) through contact with toilet seats;

e) through insect or animal bites;

f) through swimming pools;

g) by eating food prepared by someone with HIV.

S6: What are the first symptoms of HIV?

S7: About half of t he people who contract HIV suffer flu-like symptoms within the first two to four weeks of infection. These include fevers, fatigue and rashes, sore joints, headaches and swollen lymph nodes. Within six to twelve weeks of infection, the body starts producing a specific type of antibody, or disease-fighting protein. While not very effective in fighting the virus, the antibody is a reliable indicator of whether someone is infected.

The most common HIV test detects the antibodies. This means that a person may infect others as soon as he or she becomes infected, but will not test positive for several weeks. Some people with HIV may live for several years before developing AIDS, feeling healthy and with no outward signs of the virus. Others may suffer symptoms such as weight loss, fevers and sweats, rashes and shortterm memory loss while living with HIV.

S8: What do you know about the AIDS in Ukraine?

S9: A report by UNAIDS states that HIV is spreading fast in Ukraine. Dr Olexander Sydyatchenko, head of prevention and treatment of infectious diseases at Odesa Health Authority, says, "Our population is little informed.

There are few TV broadcasts. People should be provided with all the necessary information about HIV and AIDS. They should see basic information in every quarter — on a bus, in the cinema, restaurants and bars."

Dr Sydyatchenko declares that there is a worrying lack of awareness of how HIV is spread in Odesa and other parts of Ukraine. "People are not aware of the danger. Everybody thinks it's somebody else's problem — not their family's — but they are deeply mistaken."

Five years ago, just a handful of Ukrainians were infected with HIV. However, now 1 % of the population has the disease.

Dr Sydyatchenko believes worse is to come. "We are witnessing the beginning of the AIDS epidemic," he says.

He calls on pharmaceutical companies to reduce the price of antiretroviral drugs to enable health officials to halt the spread of the disease. "The Ministry of Health supplies us with some antiretroviral drugs. But they are expensive. We need the companies producing these drugs to lower their prices so that we can afford to treat all people here with HIV and help prevent them from developing AIDS."

2. READING

Before reading

T: It's difficult to imagine life with AIDS, nevertheless, HIV positive people try to overcome their fear and despair and keep on living a normal life. Now, we are going to read a story of Amir Reza, an Iranian who contracted AIDS through transfusions for a blood disorder.

LIVING WITH HIV

My physical condition has not changed, or at least not for the worse, since last year. I am on medication but, because I buy antiretroviral drugs from abroad and have not had to use the generic types produced inside Iran, I am in a better state than other patients. And dealing with the psychological aspects of this disease depends on your personal attitude. Prejudice remains.

My outlook on my condition has not changed since last year. Everybody around me, including my colleagues and friends, know about my condition. However, as I said a year ago, people are still not aware or educated about HIV/AIDS. Although the general public has heard more about AIDS and is equipped with more information about the disease itself, their view of those who have contracted the HIV virus or live with AIDS is still the same.

One cannot expect a drastic change in people's attitudes attitudes on such a sensitive issue in the course of only one 1 year. Nevertheless, the authorities have changed their IP attitude towards HIV positive people. Good examples I of this change are the events held for World AIDS Day I These events started on Monday and will run for a week. They are organised by different groups affiliated to AIDS' projects in Iran, including UNAIDS. Among the speakers we have had some women living with HIV who shared their views.

In the past year, I have been active in raising public I awareness about AIDS in other ways. Nine months ago, I started working with UNICEF and I currently hold the post of HIV information adviser at its office in Tehran. With the help of a number of physicians, I have also set up a website on AIDS. It includes medical aspects such as discussion of the sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS which is considered a taboo subject. It also provides the latest figures in Iran. It will be launched very soon.

After reading

Answer the questions.

1. What impressions of HIV/AIDS do you have now after reading the story?

2. What are psychological aspects of this disease?

3. Should friends or colleagues know about the disease?

4. Have the authorities in Iran changed their attitude towards HIV positive people?

Group work

T: There are some letters from different parts of the world addressed to Amir Reza. You'll work in four groups, read the letters and try to give your interpretation of them.

Letter 1

I believe that while Mr Reza is taking advantage of a horrible situation, and using it to educate others on the serious effects of HIV/AIDS, he is showing good character and his will to protect future generations. That, to me, is heroic.

Stephanie, Gettysburg, USA

Letter 2

Long live Amir. The ignorance of this world is depressing. The ignorance towards this disease is even more debilitating to the minds of those living with AIDS. I applaud you, your strength and your courage. To have contracted HIV in such an innocent way is so sad. I and the rest of the world are praying for you along with the millions of other people out there living with HIV and AIDS.

Fiona Edwards, Boston, MA, USA

Letter 3

AIDS is a disease like any other disease and we should treat HIV positive people no differently to anyone else. Hopefully one day science will provide the cure for this disease.

Mohammad Ali, Tehran, Iran

Letter 4

I admire him. He is excellent in the way he has come to terms with his disease and I look at him as a strong person. If one can't overcome a serious matter like this in his life, he wouldn't be able to continue with his life. It is great.

Maziar, UK

3. SPEAKING

Group work

All students are split into three groups. Each student gets the same cards with different types of values. After reading and analysing he/she should choose 5 cards with the most important values for him/her and explain why they are so important. Then every student turns down his/her 5 top cards for the others not to see them and after that each student takes away 3 cards from the student sitting nearby. This game shows the way one loses all vital things after being infected by HIV.

Loved One:

partner, lover, spouse,

best friend, family

Bodily Function:

sight, hearing, taste

Mental reasoning:

sanity, memory,

coherency, speech

Physical Mobility:

ability to run/walk,

ability to operate a bike/

car or other means of

transportation

Favourite Activity:

art, music, dancing,

sports, hiking, pets.

Residence:

house, apartment

Physical Appearance:

weight loss, skin

condition, overall

physical condition

Independence:

privacy, ability to

make decisions, selfdetermination

Future Plans:

vacations, travel,

holidays, career, children

Finances:

money, bank account

b; lance, credit cards,

Si 'ings,job

III. SUMMING-UP

l . QUIZ

What do you know about HIV and AIDS?

1. What does "HIV" mean?

2. What does "AIDS" mean?

3. Can you get AIDS from someone? (No — first HIV.)

4. HIV can be transmitted by . . . .

(A. Yes; B. No ; C. Maybe.)

1) kissing (B);

2) blood transfusion (A);

3) hugging (B);

4) giving first aid (C);

5) being sneezed on by soi sone with AIDS (B);

6) sharing needles (A);

7) mother to foetus (C);

8) insect bites (B).

5. What instruments can transmit HIV if shared?

1) dishes (B);

2) razor blades (A);

3) towels (C);

4) syringes (A);

5) drinking glasses (B).

6. HIV can be transmitted through . . . .

1) blood (A);

2) saliva (B);

3) sweat (B);

4) vaginal fluid (A);

5) skin (B);

6) urine (C);

7) tears (B);

8) breast milk (A).

7. HIV came from ....

1) Central Africa (A);

2) The CIA (government organisation) (B);

3) nobody knows (B).

8. Which of the following are high-risk groups?

1) homosexuals (A);

2) drug users (A);

3) Africans (A);

4) prostitutes (A);

5) Ukrainians (C);

6) pregnant women (C);

2. PLAYING OUT (Pair Work)

T:  Advertising is a powerful tool of influence on people's behaviour and living habits. Unfortunately, there are no informative commercials for drawing people's attention to the problem of AIDS.

You are young people, so you have a better understanding of your peers and can guess what would have a serious influence on their attitude to AIDS. Make up your own commercials with basic information about HIV and AIDS, including information on the virus, its origins, symptoms and testing. Be ready to present them in the class.

IV. HOME ASSIGNMENT

T: I greatly appreciate your participation in our serious work today. I do hope you've got the basic knowledge about AIDS and you'll be able to play your small, but significant role in preventing AIDS in your local community. Your homework assignment is to write a composition on such a situation:

"According to the latest reports, AIDS is spreading fast in Ukraine. What measures can be taken by the Ministry of Health and by the government in general to slow down the high speed of transmitting AIDS? What should be done for people who are already HIV positive?"

HIV GLOSSARY

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

The most severe result of HIV infection, occurring when the immune system is effectively disabled. People with AIDS often have infections of t h e lungs, brain, eyes and other organs. They may often also experience severe weight loss, diarrhoea and certain types of cancer.

Antibodies

Proteins produced by the immune system to neutralize infections or malignant cells.

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules are known as the building blocks of life. They carry the genetic

information necessary to create cells and to ensure that they function in the right way.

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)

The virus which is thought to cause most cases of AIDS. Infection occurs when the virus inserts its own genetic material into a host cell, preventing it from carrying out its natural functions and turning it into an HIV factory.

Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2)

A virus closely related to HIV-1 that has also been found to cause AIDS. It was first isolated in West Africa.

Immune system

The body's defence mechanism, which seeks out and destroys foreign invaders. Long-term non-progressor An individual who has been living with HIV for at least 7 to 12 years and has a stable CD4+ cell count despite not having had antiretroviral therapy.

Transmission

The process by which the virus is passed from one individual to another. HIV is transmitted through body fluids, particularly blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. he most common forms of transmission are through unprotected sexual intercourse, by sharing needles when injecting drugs and from mother to child when breastfeeding.

References:

1. www. bbcnews. com.

2. Інфосвіт. Технології профілактики ВІЛ/СПІДу, 2005, №8.

3. Peace Corps/Ukraine. "HIV& Injection Drug Use Prevention" Training Manual. — Kyiv, 2008.

Джерело: English. – 2010. - № 41- с. 17-20.

Suggested level - B1 intermediate

Nadia Zasans'ka,

a teacher of English,

school # 10, Smila, Cherkasy region

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