Конспект уроку на тему: "The new seven wonders of the world"

Тип матеріалу: 
Предмет: 
Навчальний рівень: 

Objectives:

- to revise vocabulary on the topic "Places to visit";

- to improve pupils' reading and speaking skills;

- to develop pupils' independent work on the text;

- to check pupils' listening skills.

Equipment: pictures of wonders, copies with the text, blackboard.

Time: 45 minutes.

PROCEDURE

I. WARMING-UP

T: Today we are going to talk about the new wonders of the world. But first of all let's give the definition of the word 'wonder'. So what is wonder for you? Choose one of the suggested variants.

Wonder

An event inexplicable by the laws of nature; a miracle.

A feeling of puzzlement or doubt.

A monumental human creation regarded with awe.

(Teacher draws a scheme with definitions on the blackboard. Pupils choose the one they think to be appropriate.)

II. MAIN PART

LISTENING

Pre-listening

1. Look at the pictures and name the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World you know.

(Teacher shows the pictures of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World prepared beforehand and pupils name the ones they know.)

2. Match the names of the Ancient Wonders to their descriptions.

THE WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD

l.The Great Pyramid of Giza

a) ...was a statue of the Greek god Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 and 280 BC. Before its destruction, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 30 meters (107 ft) high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world

2. The Colossus of Rhodes

b) ...was a tower built in the 3rd century BC (between 285 and 247 BC) on the island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt to serve as that port's landmark, and later, its lighthouse

3. The Hanging  Gardens of Babylon

 

c) ...was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, his wife and sister. The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythis

4. The Lighthouse of Alexandria

d) ...near present-day Al Hillah, Babil in Iraq, are considered to be one of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They were built by the Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. He is reported to have constructed the gardens to please his sick wife, Amytis of Media, who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland Persia. The gardens were destroyed by several earthquakes after the 2nd century BC

5. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

e)'...was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias, circa 432 BC on the site where it was erected in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece. For six hundred years after the death of the sculptor, people from all over the civilised world travelled to view it as it was thought to be a misfortune to die without seeing this work

6. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia

f) ...was a Greek temple dedicated to Artemis completed — in its most famous phase — around 550 BC at Ephesus (in present-day Turkey). There were previous temples on its site, where evidence of a sanctuary dates as early as the Bronze Age. The whole temple was made of marble except for the roof

7. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

g) ...is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek) and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2540 BC

Key: 1-g; 2-a; 3-d; 4-b; 5-c; 6-e; 7-f.

3. Answer the following questions.

  1. What are the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World?
  2. What wonder of t h e Ancient World can we visit nowadays?
  3. How long did people build The Great Pyramid of Giza?
  4. Whom was the Colossus of Rhodes built for?
  5. Why did the ruler of Babylon build the Hanging Gardens?
  6. How did people use the Lighthouse of Alexandria?
  7. What was the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus built for?
  8. Who made the Statue of Zeus at Olympia?
  9. What was the Temple of Artemis made of?

4. Sum up all the information about the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World you've got to know.

(Children speak about the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.)

T: The time is changing everything; things we had disappeared a long time ago and something new came instead. The same happened to the wonders of the world: ancient ones were destroyed with time and new (modern) ones were created. What can we call new wonders of the world?

(Students give their ideas about new wonders of the world and write them on the blackboard.)

Possible answers.

New wonders of the world

The Roman Colloseum.

The Great Wall of China.

The Eifel Tower.

The Taj Mahal.

While listening

T: Listen to the text and say why we can call these things new Seven Wonders of the World. Make up your scale of the most and least significant ones for people.

THE NEW SEVEN WONDERS OF T H E WORLD

Recently, more than 100 million people worldwide have voted to name the new Seven Wonders of the World. Never before in history have so many people taken part in a global decision. The winners are: the Great Wall of China, India's Taj Mahal, the Colosseum of Rome, Jordan's ancient rock city of Petra, the hilltop city of Machu Picchu in Peru, Mexico's Chichen Itza and Brazi's Statue of Christ the Redeemer.

1. The Great Wall of China is the largest man-made structure in the world. It stretches across the mountains and deserts of China for thousands of kilometres and can be seen from space!

The Great Wall is actually a series of walls. The first one was built 2,000 years ago to protect the northern borders of China from the Mongol invaders. It was then built and rebuilt and extended until the 17th century, making it the longest building job ever!

Millions of people worked on the Great Wall over the centuries. They were not paid for their work and were fed only enough food to keep them alive. Countless workers I lost their lives in the process and many of them were buried in the Wall. There is an old Chinese saying: "Each stone in the wall represents a life lost in the wall's construction". No one knows for sure how long the Great Wall of China is, but it's probably about 6,400 km long. In 2007, researchers set out to measure the Great Wall and to study its route. The project will take four years.

2. The Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.

The Taj Mahal at Agra is India's most famous building. It was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1630 in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. She died giving birth to their fourteenth child, and her last wish was to be buried in a tomb "such as the world had never seen before". 20,000 men worked on the Taj Mahal, creating a beautiful, white marble building which gleamed in the sunlight and was reflected in the waters of the pool. Sadly, Shah Jahan became ill in 1657, and this caused a war between his four sons. The third son killed his rivals, took the throne and put his father in prison. However, when Shah Jahan died, his son allowed him burying at the Taj Mahal with his wife.

3. The Roman Colosseum was built between 70 and 72 AD and was in use for 500 years before it was damaged by an earthquake. It still stands as one of the greatest buildings of ancient Rome. The name 'Colosseum' came from a colossal statue of Emperor Nero that stood nearby for many years. This open air theatre and sports arena could seat 50,000 people who watched gladiator fights, executions and other spectacles. Gladiator fights were a popular form of entertainment in ancient Rome. Gladiators were specially trained people — slaves, criminals, prisoners of war - who fought each other (as well as wild animals) to death, while blood-thirsty crowds cheered them on. Roman Colosseum is a masterpiece of ancient Roman architecture.

4. The City of Petra was hidden in the mountains of Jordan for thousands of years when a young Swiss explorer Johan Ludwig Burckhardt rediscovered it in 1812.

You have probably seen Petra's AI-Kazneh ('The Treasury') in the last scenes of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. It's only part of the lost city of Petra, one of the earliest known civilisations in the Middle East. Temples, tombs, and other buildings in Petra are all carved into the sandstone cliffs. A poet described it as 'a rose-red city half as old as time'. Petra fell into ruin in the 7th century and was unknown to Europeans until the 19th century.

5. Machu Picchu is an Inca city high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. The Spanish con quistadors destroyed other Inca cities, but never found Machu Picchu. It was only discovered in 1911, Machu Picchu was built more than 500 years ago. It is said that the Inca ruler Pachacuti covered the buildings in the city with gold. About 750 people lived there and used the city for astrological and religious ceremonies. The most important buildings in the city are the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.

6. Chichen Itza ("At the mouth of the well of the Itza") is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization located in the northern center of the Yucatan Peninsula, in the Yucatan state, present-day Mexico. Chichen Itza was a major regional focal point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal Classic and into the early portion of the Early Postclassic period. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, from what is called " Mexicanized" and reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico to the Puuc style found among the Puuc Maya of the northern lowlands.

7. Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; considered the largest art deco statue in the world. The statue is located at the peak of the 700 metres Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city. It is one of the tallest of its kind in the world. A symbol of Catholicism, the statue has become an icon of Rio and Brazil. The statue of Christ the Redeemer is a very important symbol of Brazil's Catholicism. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.

 After listening

1. Choose the correct answer.

1. The Great Wall of China...

  1. is a wall near the border of China;
  2. is the largest man-made structure in the world;
  3. is a big stone;
  4. was made by thousands of people.

2. Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ...

  1. in France;
  2. in India;
  3. in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;
  4. d ) i n Peru.

3. Chichen Itza ("At the mouth of the well of the Itza") is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by...

  1. the Maya civilization;
  2. the Atlantic Civilization;
  3. ancient people;
  4. alliens.

4. The City of Petra was hidden in the mountains of Jordan for thousands of years when a young Swiss explorer Johan Ludwig Burckhardt...

  1. found it;
  2. bombed it;
  3. rediscovered it in 1812;
  4. rebuilt it again.

5. Machu Picchu is an Inca city high in...

  1. the Andes Mountains of Peru;
  2. the Carpathian mountains;
  3. Switzerland;
  4. Spain.

6. The Taj Mahal at Agra is India's most famous building. It was built by...

  1. ancient rulers;
  2. Emperor Shah;
  3. one of ruler's wife;
  4. unknown people.

7. The Roman Colosseum was built between 70 and n72 AD and was in use for 500 years before it was damaged by...

  1. vandals;
  2. pollution;
  3. an earthquake;
  4. the time.

Key: 1-b; 2-c; 3-a; 4-c; 5-a; 6-b; 7-c.

2. Complete the sentences with the missing words.

  1. The Great Wall is actually ____ . Millions of people worked on the Great Wall ­­____ .
  2. She died giving birth to their fourteenth child, and her last wish was to be buried in a tomb "such ____ .
  3. It still stands as one of t h e greatest buildings of ____ .
  4. I t ' s only part of the lost city of Petra, one of the earliest known civilizations in ____ .
  5. It is said that the Inca ruler Pachacuti covered the buildings in the city ____  .
  6. Chichen Itza was a major regional focal point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal Classic and into the early portion ____  .
  7. A symbol of Catholicism, the statue has become an icon of ____  .

3. Choose the key word-combination to describe one of the new wonders of the world.

1. The City of Petra — mountains of Jordan, a young Swiss explorer, lost city of Petra, a 'rose-red city half as old as time.'

2. Machu Picchu — an Inca city, the Spanish con quistadors, the Inca ruler Pachacuti, for astrological and religious ceremonies, the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.

III. SUMMING-UP. HOME ASSIGNMENT

T: Today we have got to know a lot of information about the new Seven Wonders of the World and revised what you knew about the ancient ones. And to make up a conclusion you'll have to create a power point presentation. You are split into 4 groups and each one will choose the card with the task: to work on the information about the Great Wall of China or the Taj Mahal and so on. I'm sure you'll enjoy this work.

Література

1. Бондарь M. В. Аудіювання. Тексти та завдання для 5—11 класів/М. В. Бондарь, О. В. Бондарь, О. В. Карпенко, Л. В. Пащенко, Т. В. Погарська. — X.: Основа, 2003. — 144 с. - Вип. 10.

2. Speak Out. - 2008. - № 2, № 4.

Джерело: English. – 2010. - № 37 - с. 15-18.

Suggested level - Bl intermediate

Olena Ryabushenko,

a teacher of English,

school # 27, Zhytomyr

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