План-конспект уроку на тему: "Is television art or means of communication?"
- To teach students skimming and scanning the text;
- To practice listening to the text for specific information;
- To extend students’ knowledge about TV.
Equipment: texts, a list of international words, a video fragment of the film ‘Moscow Doesn’t Believe in Tears’; an audio cassette with a dialogue about the most popular TV programmes, summary list.
T: Today we are going to talk about modern world and I’d like to ask you how you get to know about things.
S1: We read books.
S2: We listen to the radio.
T: What do you prefer: watching or listening to? Why?
S3: Personally I prefer watching because when I see something with my own eyes I can make opinion of it.
T: So, it’s better to watch than to listen to. Now watch a short film fragment and try to guess what we’ll discuss in today’s lesson. Look at the screen. So, I have no doubt you’ve understood that we are going to discuss television in all its aspects.
T: Say what you know about television.
Ss: It’s very popular./There are a lot of TV programmes./There are not only entertaining but also educational programmes.
T: Now, say what information concerning the point we are going to come across while reading.
Ss: About the role of TV/advantages and disadvantages of TV.
Students make notes using a special “Summary List”
T: Leave some space after each guess to be able to write down additional information.
III. MAIN PART
1. INTRODUCING NEW VOCABULARY
T: Television is a technical device. And as far as we are going to read about it you’ll come across some terms – special technical words. You’ll recognize them easily because most of them have the same origin – Latin or Greek and they travel from language to language without any significant changes. The word ‘television’ itself is a vivid example. Look at the blackboard and guess the meaning of the words given there. Be aware of the stress.
T: Study the new words
Splitting – розщеплення
Transmission – передача
Triode – тріод
Mechano-optical system – оптико-механічна система
TV-frequency panel – телевізійний
Electronic tube – електронна трубка діапазон частот
Iconoscope – іконоскоп
Accomplish – здійснювати
Analogue TV – аналогове телебачення
Feature – можливість
Etheric broadcasting – ефірне мовлення
Frequency line – частотна смуга
Digital TV – цифрове телебачення
Review – повтор
T: Read the text and find the information supporting your guesses.
It goes without saying that television is one of the greatest inventions of the 20th century. With the help of it people are able to see the far away planets and even enjoy a direct broadcast from the space. Television makes it possible to watch the splitting of the atom, the birth of life, the volcano eruption and even the earthquake.
But how did it all began? The history of this invention goes back to the end of the 19th century when in 1884 British scientists Iretone and Perry decided to use photo elements for picture transmission with the help of electricity. But they failed because generated power was too weak.
Working television was created when Lee de Forest invented electronic triode lamp which forced the signal. In 1926, Scottish inventor John Beard demonstrated the transmission of TV signals by means of radio waves: he got the picture of a human face. In 1929-1931, television based on mechano-optical systems came into developing in some countries. The father of electronic television was Volodymyr Zavorykin who created the first transmitting electronic tube – iconoscope in the USA in 1931. In the USSR electronic television appeared in 1938. First it was only the channel with a limited number of programmes.
But television is not a stable invention. It has been still developing. In 1939, England had more than 20 thousand working TV sets. In 1953, the first colour TV programme was accomplished. But analogue TV features are limited by so-called frequency line which is occupied by TV signal. It limits the number of channels and doesn’t allow improving the picture. Cable TV has solved this problem and increased the number of channels to 30-40 in comparison to etheric broadcasting. The latest invention is digital TV which allows not only to increase the quality of vision but also ‘to pack’ hundreds of channels in. Moreover, digital TV is interactive. Due to it you can ask, for example, for review of a fragment you liked, call any programme from the media server, and, as a perspective – adopt any programme according to one’s tastes and needs.
The TV set itself has also changed: from a wooden box with a small screen multiplied by a special magnifier to a high-tech plain liquid-crystal display. The number of TV programmes increased greatly. Watching TV you can come across documentaries, news, broadcasts, current affair programmes, soap operas, quizzes, sitcoms, dramas, chat shows, detective stories, sports programmes, weather forecasts, music programmes, game shows, variety shows, commercials etc.
Television is a very powerful source. It influences people greatly. Though the television hasn’t been with us all than long, we are already beginning to forget what the world was like without it. Reading books, having hobbies, entertaining friends or being entertained by them, even plain family conversation – all that belongs to the past. Whole generations are growing up addicted to the telly. Television is like a drug. But how do you consider it?
T: What have you found as far as the role of TV is concerned? What about TV programmes? And what about the history of TV?
T: Now, look through the text once again. Find non-predicted facts.
(Students look for the facts.)
T: What have you found?
S1: About the development of TV.
S2: About digital TV.
S3: About a TV set design.
3. Group work
T: Split into two groups. The first group will list pros of TV and the second – its cons. Discuss them and make notes. Don’t forget, it will be a kind of competition. The more items you work put the better. The group that is out of arguments loses the competition.
(Students get some minutes to clear up the point. After that the groups present their arguments in turn.)
4. Phonetic exercise
T: So, TV is a good thing, a blessing, not a curse. And to prove it I want to draw your attention to an educational TV programme teaching people to pronounce words correctly. I want to remind you about the length of vowels. In English there are long and short ones. Do you remember the anecdote when a Frenchman boasted about his voyage to Britain by sheep and people laughed at him? Why?
(Students comment on it.)
So, think about some other examples.
Ss: rid –read
Did – deed;
Mid – mead; etc.
T: Listen to the dialogue and say what TV programmes are the most popular.
Francis: How about television, I mean, for example, I know that there are a lot of television channels, but how many television channels are there?
Shelley: Well, that really depends on where you live. In cities there are dozens and dozens of channels that you can tune into.
Shelley: Yeah, but in rural areas, er … sometimes you’ll only get the three major channels and perhaps the public broadcasting.
Francis: Oh, really, aha. And what sort of, what about programmes themselves? What are the most popular types of programmes?
Shelley: Well, I think probably soap operas are always the most popular and in the last couple of years chat shows or talk shows have become very popular and you can watch a talk show, talk shows that will go on from the morning all the way straight through to late night.
Francis: You’re kidding, really.
Shelley: No, no kidding.
Key: soap operas and talk shows.
T: Let’s find out more about programmes. Work in your groups. The captain of the first one will be P1, the captain of the second – P2. Divide the texts among the members of your team. Every pupil reads only one paragraph and entitles it. Start.
Soap operas appeared on our screens about 15 years ago. The first of them was ‘The Slave Isaura’ – a touching story about a girl suffering from the oppression of her cruel host. It drew attention of thousands of people all over the country.
It is necessary to admit that the film was unusual for our TV-viewers. First of all, each series of it was very short: some twenty minutes interrupted by an advertisement. Another uncommonness was that some extracts were repeated for several miles and irritated those who didn’t miss any part of it.
After “Isaura” soap operas became a usual thing on our TV. First those were mostly Brazilian ones. It was a mixture of love and blood, laugh and tears, unbearable sorrow and immeasurable happiness. And soon the audience got a little bored with them.
But Russian Producers seeing their popularity with the audience began to shoot soap operas based on everyday problems of people. The first efforts were not actually a success because nobody wanted to go through somebody’s hardships, everybody has their own ones. So, the producers had to invent something not to lose the public. And they managed. They invented several kinds of soap operas. Now looking through a TV programme we can come across detectives, dramas, love stories, adventures and even historical serials. So, everybody can choose a serial to his/her taste. But the most popular are those combining the features of every of them: little love, little adventure, and little drama.
Talk shows or chat shows came to us from the United States of America. To provide a show a very famous or well-known person is invited to discuss this or that problem or current events. First they had mostly political colouring and were held as TV bridges.
Guests discussed political problems that could unite or divide people living in countries with different political systems. Those shows became an exciting event not only in the history of television but also changed peoples’ perception of the world around them.
But soon the subject matter of such programmes began to cover more and more spheres of life: family relations, teenagers’ problems, rumours etc. These shows gained great popularity among the audience. Some of them even have the educational and enlightening character because different professionals such as psychologists, social workers, doctors, lawyers etc are invited to consult the hero of the show. That’s why everyone who has similar problems can get a piece of advice needed.
Analyzing the latest political affairs in our country such as presidential elections and the events they were followed by political talk shows appeared to have taken one of the leading places in the row of different shows.
That’s why discussion of the main inner political issues, analysis of different political processes, various tendencies in political life gather more TV viewers in front of the screen as everyone wants to be aware of the course of events.
T: P1 reads the titles of the paragraphs of text 1 and the opposite group has to ask questions for more information. Then P2 reads the titles of the paragraphs of text 1 and the opposite group has to ask questions for more information.
T: Give a summary of the opposite group’s text.
(Students listen to the summary and then add the missed information.)
IV. SUMMING-UP. HOME ASSIGNMENT
T: Let’s make a conclusion. What have you got to know about TV during the lesson?
Your home assignment is to complete your summaries with additional information about talk shows and soap operas and be ready to share them in class next time. Write a story about your favourite TV programme.
English. – 2008. - № 23-24. – р. 40-43.
Suggested level – A2, pre-intermediate
By Larysa Kolesnyk, A teacher of English, School#7, Sumy.
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