Конспект уроку на тему: "Dealing with stress"
- to explain students how to define stress, determine the signs and symptoms of it;
- to discuss possible ways of coping with stress;
- to practise oral presentation skills;
- to teach students to listen to, learn from and respect each other;
- to get students to understand the importance of the problem raised in the lesson.
Equipment: poster paper; "Assess Your Stress" task; facial pictures; "Opportunities" pre-intermediate, Pearson Longman; a tape recorder and a cassette.
T: When we began working with our new coursebook, we spoke about different lifestyles. We listened to people speaking about their work and life. We told each other about our own style of living. Just a few lessons have passed since we spoke about music. We got to know different styles of dance. We read and heard how and where people, young and middle-aged, c a n rest, what kind of music our grandparents used to listen when they were young.
Today we will try to define stress, determine the signs and symptoms of stress and discuss possible ways of copying with stress.
T: Just to warm up let's look at the sheets of paper on your desks. Assess your stress. You are to answer 12 questions. Award 5 points to every yes and count your score.
0-20: low level of stress;
25-40: moderate level of stress;
45-60: high level of stress.
During last week did you
1) forget to complete an assignment?
2) feet difficulties with school lessons?
3) feel rejected or left by your friends?
4) feel overloaded with responsibilities?
5) have an argument with a family member?
6) come late to school?
7) forget about an important date?
8) feel depressed or unhappy?
9) forget about an important event at home?
10) learn someone you care about is very sick?
11) have to make a presentation to the class?
12) move to a new neighbourhood or school?
(Students do the task and discuss possible consequences of these stressful experiences.)
III. MAIN PART
1. VOCABULARY WORK
T: I suggest you look at the blackboard. There you can see the words we will often use in the lesson. I asked you to find the translation of these words at home. Did you manage to do it? Now I want you to listen to English definitions of these words and try to guess what word is being spoken about.
Stress — the body/mind's physical/emotional response to change — good or bad;
symptom — a physical body indicator of stress that can be felt (headache, stomach ache, diarrhoea, nausea etc.);
distress — bad stress (worry, death, prison, speeding ticket, accident etc.);
burnout — physical or mental exhaustion caused by excessive stress;
stressor — an event or something or somebody who creates the response;
overload — a condition in which we feel overly pressured by demands made on us — by others or by our own inability to say ' n o ' ;
eustress — good stress (wedding, party, friendship etc.);
sign — a physical (body) indicator of stress that can be seen (pale skin, sweat, red eyes etc.)
disease — disease and lowered immune system caused by too much stress.
(On the basis of the coursebook "Opportunity" Longman.)
T: Now let's speak about stress in our school life. Try predicting answers to the questions. More than one answer is possible.
1. Which of t h e s e people can suffer from a lot of stress?
a) Police officers.
c) Factory workers.
2. Which of these factors can cause stress?
a) A lot of free time.
b) Problems with people.
c) Some social situations.
d) Doing sports.
3. What can we do to relax and reduce stress?
a) Organise our work/studies.
b) Eat a lot.
c) Do exercise.
d) Talk to people about problems.
3. LISTENING 1
What do you think the listening text is about? Discuss with your peers.
Listen to the interview and check your predictions.
Presenter: Good afternoon and welcome to lifestyles. Today we are going to look at stress — what causes it and what we can do to relax and prevent it. We have in the studio Dr. Kinsmann, an expert on stress. Good morning, Dr. Kinsmann.
Doctor: Good morning.
P: Dr. Kinsmann...er...what kinds of people actually suffer from stress?
D: Well, anybody can suffer from stress. There are certain jobs that are very stressful, like some kinds of jobs in business or the police. But, probably everyone suffers from stress at some time in their life — students, doctors, factory workers — anybody.
P: But what really causes it?
D: There are different factors. One is time and pressures of work and study. At school, for example, students can become very stressed when they have a lot of homework to do and they feel they haven't got enough time for it. Other factors can be social — if you have a problem with your family or friends or at school. And it depends on the person — if you are shy, social occasions like parties can be very stressful.
P: And what can you do to stop stress and worry? Stress can be very bad for you.
D: Yes, it can cause a lot of health problems. But to answer your question, there are lots of things you can do to reduce stress. You must eat well — have a good diet — and of course do exercise regularly. Finally, you can talk to people about your problems — talk to a friend, someone in your family or, if you are studying, talk to a teacher. You can also do relaxation exercises.
P: Can you describe some of these...
Listen again and answer the questions.
1. When do students suffer from stress?
2. What social occasions can be difficult for shy people?
3. What is a good way of organising work or studies?
4. Who can people talk to about their problems?
5. What exercises can help to reduce stress?
4. LISTENING 2
Listen to Mark and say what his stressful and relaxing activities are.
Mark: Things I find stressful. Well, I really hate... mmm...doing exams. Mm, I get very nervous the night before, you know. And I c a n ' t sleep, you know what I mean? I 'm also shy and I d o n ' t like going to the parties very much. I prefer meeting people in small groups, you know. Ah, there is another thing — in French lessons I can't stand talking in front of t h e class, er, I get nervous and mm, make lots of mistakes.
Things I find relaxing? Well, mm, I like a lot of things. I love talking to my friends. And when I am tired and want to relax, I enjoy listening to music and I also like reading. Ah, and I quite like sitting and doing nothing.
Give your preferences.
(Teacher draws four facial expressions on the blackboard and students speak about their preferences.)
I really like...
I don't like...
1. Make a mind map on stress and discuss what kind of stress every item can be.
2. Think of the signs and symptoms of stress.
Possible signs: tears, red eyes, facial expressions, crying, shaky hands, sniffing, pale skin, sleepiness, abnormal thinness, overweight, yellow eyes, broken bones, bad breath etc.
Possible symptoms: fever, pain, ache, nausea, exhaustion, tiredness, high blood pressure, depression, irregular heart beat, pale skin, phobias etc.
3. Write down your own way of coping with daily stressors (noise, much homework, friends' problems). What are the ways of coping with unique stressors (wedding, death, accident, birth)? Decide if they are positive or negative ways of coping with stress.
Джерело: English. – 2010. - № 18- с. 12-13.
Suggested level - A2+ pre-intermediate
a teacher of English,
school # 4,
Dunayivtsi, Khmel'nyts'kyi region
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