Конспект уроку на тему: "Mass media television and the internet"
- to improve students' communicative skills on the basis of dialogical communication;
- to develop students' listening skills;
- to cultivate the culture of communication, a friendly and tolerant attitude to each other, the ability to defend one's point of view.
T: Today we have an unusual lesson. We are going to speak on the very vital and important topic "Mass
Media: Television and the Internet". People use different sources of information: newspapers, magazines, radio, television and the Internet. We can't live without information nowadays. Information is the blood of life. News coming from the whole world tells us about the life of different nations. With the help of this information we can compare our way of life and living standards with the level of life in other countries and draw conclusions on how to change our life for better. Most people use television and the Internet as the main sources of information. Which of them is better, what their advantages and disadvantages are, which one people prefer — these are the issues we are going to discuss in our lesson.
Answer the following questions.
1. What are the mass media?
2. What form of the mass media do you prefer?
3. How much time a week do you spend watching TV?
4. How often do you watch the news?
5. Does television help to bring up the young generation today?
6. Would you like to work on television and why?
Guess the words and complete the following sentences.
1. A person who tells the news on television is called an (announcer).
2. A group of people taking part in making a film or a television programme is called a (cast).
3. A programme on which members of t he audience are asked questions is a (quiz programme).
4. A mini film interpreting or dramatising a song is a (video clip).
5. A regular feature continuing from day to day, presenting emotional and melodrama situations is a (soap opera).
6. An American film presenting myths about pioneering, courageous Americans is a (western).
7. A programme showing animals, birds etc. in their natural environment is a (wildlife programme).
8. A programme which is a mixture of " hard " news and feature items is a (magazine programme).
9. The time of day when most people watch TV is called (prime time).
10. Viewers who watch a lot of television without caring what they watch are (coach potatoes).
III. MAIN PART
1. SPEAKING 1
T. Split into two groups: for and against television and the Internet. Choose the leaders of your groups. One group has to persuade the opponents that television is a useful invention; the other one will have to prove that television has a harmful influence. While discussing the problem you should keep the following rules.
1. Every participant has the right to speak only with the permission of the leader. The conflict inside the group is impossible.
2. Every report must be illustrated with the facts or real life examples.
3. You are not allowed to interrupt each other.
4. You should stick to the topic of the discussion.
5. You should respect each other and try not to offend the opponent.
Use the following expressions.
1. I think that...
3. ...for example...
4. As far as I know...
5. To my mind (in my opinion)...
6. So (that's why) I think...
7.1 agree that... but...
8.1 think it's a good idea, but...
9. That's right, but...
10.1 don't think that...
SI (group 1): I can't imagine my life without television. My TV set has already become the member of our family. During prime time in the evening all members of the family watch their favourite programmes. The question is - how we can watch different TV programmes on the same TV set. The answer is simple — we have several TV sets in different rooms. I can't imagine a day without watching the world news or my favourite serial.
51 (group2): Watching much television spoils our eyesight. Besides, we forget about our walks in the open air. The weather changes every day and we miss frosty and snowy days in winter when we can ski, skate or simply walk in the park and breathe fresh air. In spring we don't go to the forest and can't see how nature awakens after winter because they show something on TV. We can't see birds coming back home from faraway lands. We can't enjoy the beauties of nature to the fullest with the help of a TV screen.
52 (group 1): When I come to school every day, I 'm loaded up with the information from TV and can discuss it with my classmates. Otherwise what topics to discuss? Besides, I know that the majority of my classmates like to watch serials about love, action blockbusters and entertaining programmes. At school during the breaks we share our points of view and feelings on different TV programmes. Television develops our imagination, influences the way of life greatly and helps to choose the future profession.
52 (gfoup2): I agree with you, but today television takes a lot of our free tkne. Young generation has already forgotten about going in for sport. We seldom play football, basketball, tennis or other sports when we have free time. We do this only in our physical training lessons. You know that nine of ten young men who are going to serve in the Ukrainian army are seriously ill. They don't even think about their health spending hours in front of the TV or computer screen. How will they be able to defend our country with such poor health?
2. TALK SHOW
T: I think that asking each other questions on the topic will help you in the discussion. We shall have a small talk show. Please, ask each other questions and be ready to answer them.
53 (group 1): What is the most interesting programme for you and why?
53 (group 2): As for me the most interesting programme is "Around the World". It is broadcast once a week on Saturday on RTR channel. This programme shows many countries, their way of living, customs and traditions of different people in the world. We can see people in t h e faraway lands, their attitude and respect to the history of t he country they live in, the influence of religion on culture and environment. This programme makes us think about the values of life and changes our world outlook. And what programme, to your mind, is the most boring?
54 (group 1): I hate programmes about political discussions or disputes. Different political leaders try to prove that the policy of their parties leads to the improvement of the economic situation and political stability in our country but in reality the Ukrainian people don't see real fundamental changes and they don't believe promises given by the leaders of these parties. These political debates take a lot of television time but their ratings are low. And what do you think about advertising on our television?
54 (group 2): I think that advertising takes a great deal of time and breaks the film in the most interesting places. Ads last 10-15 minutes and after watching them it is difficult to recollect the content of the previous part of the film or programme. Besides, we are sick and tired of watching one and the same advertisement several times a day. It is impossible to avoid it because it is broadcasted on different channels at the same time. Television makes us buy things and the persuasion is obtrusive. I know that advertisements cost a lot of money and trading companies pay television for running their adverts, but ordinary people don't want to have too much advertising. In my opinion, five minutes per hour is more than enough for carrying ads.
What is your attitude to the variety of channels on TV?
55 (group 1): We don't have plenty of TV channels. We don't have special channels for teenagers or old people, educational programmes for students. Many provincial towns don't have cable television and people can't choose the programme to their taste. Any state TV channel in this country is a mixture of programmes for all ages and we have to wait for our favourite programme. Why not to have different channels concentrating on the tastes of a definite audience. I know that there are very popular channels on the world television. Take, for example, Discovery channel. But if you want to watch it, you have to pay. We should understand that information costs money. It takes a lot of time to prepare a good programme and many people are engaged in this process.
3. ANNOUNCER JOB
T: Can we imagine television without good announcers? What makes a good announcer? Can you describe a person suitable for announcer jobs? What qualities and features should he/she possess?
S5 (group 2): In my opinion, a good announcer must have a pleasant appearance, a good stage presence, the ability to hold the viewers' attention. A good announcer can create an exciting atmosphere for the audience. He/she must have a clear voice that people want to listen to for some time. Good announcing means sincerity, accurate diction, naturalness, persuasiveness, a lack of mannerisms. The announcer must be confident, punctual, calm in a crisis, and resourceful enough to get his programme through on schedule, whether this means slowing down or speeding up. He/she must have a passion for journalism. It's important to love what you do.
S6 (group 1): As far as I know it is very difficult to become an announcer. One from a thousand candidates is chosen. They must get the right education, learn about the different delivery styles as well as the technical aspects that go along with the job. Talking in public and in front of the camera should be the second nature to anyone who wants to become a TV announcer. Their life is always under control of t he public. They must be mindful of their appearance, be in a very good physical shape, be ready to refuse from food, leisure time, holidays etc.
T: You are right. The qualities you have mentioned are extremely important for a good announcer. But I would like to know if some of you possess them. So let's hold a contest for the best announcer. One member from each group will take part in it. Please, choose your candidate. The first task is to introduce oneself in an interesting way. The second task is to read the tongue-twister quickly and correctly. She sells seashells on the seashore. The shells that she sells are seashells, I 'm sure. The third task will be to make the announcement of a TV programme. We have a video camera and our TV operator will record both candidates. Then we shall watch the f i lm and make our choice. (The candidate sits down behind the handmade TV screen and starts speaking. The operator records the announcements. After this the students watch the film and choose the best announcer.)
T: You have chosen the winner and I think he/she deserves the Oscar prize. (The teacher hands the Oscar prize over to the winner and he pronounces the words of gratitude.)
T: Listen to the discussion of the problem recorded some time ago. After listening to the text you'll have to make comments on what you have heard. (JStudents | listen to the text on the tape.)
On last week show John from England raised the question whether it is a good idea for the children to use the Net. This is John's comment:
"Of course, if it is used correctly the Internet will help in many cases. What about the problem when children use the Internet on their own? We received a lot of replies in favour of children using the internet. This is Julia's one from France: "Whether we like it or not the Internet is already part of our world, Everybody needs to use it and that means children need to use it t o o . "
Thirteen-year-old Susan from Italy says: "Children can use the Internet to learn about other countries and their cultures. They can also meet people from all over the world and they can make friends from far away places."
On the other hand, some people are strongly against letting children surf the Internet on their own. This is Margaret from Wales: " I 'm a teacher and my students say they can spend several hours a day on the Internet. When I ask them if they try to find necessary information, they say that they use the Net for playing games not for learning anything. It also worries me because I think that children need real friends to talk to instead of a keyboard and a computer screen."
Someone called Can, no address given, mentioned another worrying problem: "There are some websites which are not suitable for children and we have to make sure they don't have access to these sites. We should also teach children that giving information to chat friends can be dangerous. You don't know who are you talking to or what they need the information for. So never tell them your address, age or real name."
It is good advice. Yes, the Internet offers many advantages, but we believe that children should always be supervised when they are using it. Children need to use the Netand parents must teach them how to use it properly."
5. SPEAKING 2
T: Now your task is to express your opinions about the' problem of using the Internet by children.
56 (group 2): We c a n ' t live without modern technologies. Using the Internet offers many advantages, For example, the latest information is available to you at any hour of the day or night. It is much easier to prepare a report on the subject or to find additional information History, Geography or Literature with the help of Internet.
57 (group 1): Of course, using the Internet is very popular nowadays, but let's think about financial possibilities of our parents. Can they all afford the Internet or home computer? In the today economic situation many families suffer greatly because of the financial problems the face every day. The children front these families can only dream about their personal computers. Many Ukrainian schoolchildren use a computer only at school and they have no money to play for computer games at their leisure time.
57 (group 2): To my mind, everything depends on the parents. If they want their child to be a well-educated person and not to lag behind the rest of the schoolchildren, they have to save some money to buy a computer for their children to master computer skills and learn how to use the Internet properly.
58 (group 1): I have a lot of friends here in Ukraine and abroad. I connect with them with the help of the Internet, we exchange information very fast. My close friend lives in the USA and I can reach him at any hour of the day. He sends me photos of his family and places of interest of his home town, the sights of big cities of t he USA. Besides, we share music news. I'm very fond of popular music and can listen to it for several hours a day. I can watch the latest Hollywood fdms with the help of the Internet. My father is a businessman and he uses the World Net for his business.
58 (group 2): I know that many young people use the Internet for their entertainment. But we have a lot of examples of a bad influence of the Internet on the young generation. For example, you can find information how to prepare and use drugs, how to make weapons or where you can get them. There are different sites which are prohibited. But young people surf them when their parents are absent.
59 (group 1): I am not completely against the Internet but children have the temptation to try everything that is prohibited. No one knows what will come out in the result of using the Internet sites the access to which is prohibited for the children. How parents can control their children? Are parents well-informed about using the Internet? Very often parents don't have enough timeto spend on the computer and improve their computer skills but their children have. So using a personal computer by children at home has not only positive but also negative sides.
S9 (group 2): Let's compare computers with mobile telephones. It is not a secret that almost every student from a secondary school has his/her own mobile telephone. They play games, listen to music, call their relatives and friends, take photos of t he places they visit. A mobile telephone is like a small computer. A person who knows how to operate the mobile telephone will master the computer quicker. In the future we'll be able to do shopping, use information from any library in the world, pay our house expenses with the help of the Internet. We'll save our time and money. The Internet is very useful and convenient for every citizen in any part of the world and if we start using it from the very childhood, it will become a helping hand for us in any circumstances. I 'm fully for the Internet.
T. Dear friends! Today you have exchanged your points of view on the given problem, taken an active part in the discussion, shown high knowledge of the language. But you should improve your skills in every lesson. The proverb says, "Practice makes perfect".
As for the issue of the discussion, each group was quite persuasive in their arguments. We can't imagine our life without the Internet and television. But spending much time on watching television, playing computer games or surfing the Internet influences your health badly. You should combine mental and physical activities, help your parents about the house, go in for sport, go for long walks to the park and forest, swim in the river or lake in summer, ski or skate in winter. You know that there are lot of other activities where you can apply your abilities, for example school and town clubs for young people.
Джерело: English. – 2010. - № 14- с. 14-17.
Suggested level - Bl intermediate
a teacher of English,
round I winner TEA 2003,
Shepetivka, Khmel'nyts'kyi region
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